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  Leather Knowledge
How to differentiate Real Leather or Immitation Leather
Full Leather, Italian Leather, Leather Match, Bonded Leather
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Full Leather, Italian Leather, Leather Match, Bonded Leather

• Full-grain Leather has not had the upper "top grain" and "split" layers separated. The upper section of a hide that previously contained the epidermis and hair, but were removed from the hide/skin. Full-grain refers to hides that have not been sanded, buffed, or snuffed (as opposed to top-grain or corrected leather) to remove imperfections (or natural marks) on the surface of the hide.

• Top Grain Leather is the second-highest quality and has had the "split" layer separated away, making it thinner and more pliable than full grain. Its surface has been sanded and a finish coat added to the surface which results in a colder, plastic feel, less breathability, and will not develop a natural patina. It is typically less expensive, and has greater resistance to stains so long as the finish remains unbroken than full-grain leather.

• Corrected-grain Leather is any leather that has had an artificial grain applied to its surface. The hides used to create corrected leather do not meet the standards for use in creating vegetable-tanned or aniline leather.

• Leather Match generally means the front area wherever will possibly touch customers?skin is in Genuine Leather and other part is Artificial Material like Vinyl, PU, etc.

• Full Leather means the complete sofa is made by 100% Leather without any other artificial material in the surface. This applies to sofa set and sectionals.

• Bonded leather upholstery is vinyl upholstery that contains about 17% leather fiber in its backing material. The vinyl is stamped to give it a leather-like texture. Bonded leather upholstery is durable and its manufacturing process is more environmentally-friendly than leather production.

• Bonded leather, or "reconstituted Leather", is composed of 90% to 100% leather fibers (often scrap from leather tanneries or leather workshops) bonded together with latex binders to create a look and feel similar to that of leather at a fraction of the cost. This bonded leather is not as durable as other leathers, and is recommended for use only if the product will be used infrequently as bible covers.

• PU Leather is synthetic leather or artificial leather. It is made by polyurethane. Thickness of the PU leather will define its price. Normally PU leather is less durable than real leather and more environmental friendly. It is ideally for animal concern customers and designed for light usage sofa.

• Vinyl is best-known for being a substitute for leather. It may be called "faux leather" or "fake leather." Vinyl is a kind of plastic resin made from chlorine and ethylene. The name "vinyl" is actually derived from its full name of "polyvinylchloride" (PVC).

• Italian Leather is commonly known leather made in Italy or leather made by using Italian Techniques. Producers in Italy use a variety of labor sources, with much of the process of leather production being done by hand. Hides are carefully inspected before treatment, with only the best hides being accepted, and quality checks are carried out at every stage of the way. Many producers specialize in full grain leather, leather from the top of the hide which is famous for its suppleness and quality. Italian producers tend to use high quality dyes and chemicals in their products, producing consistent, durable, long-lasting leather products.
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